Thursday, August 28, 2014

India - Medical Implant manufacturers and surgical houses have to closely interact with users for executing evidence based corrosion research to enhance the quality of materials.

It is healthy news for the implant users in India. Our congratulations to the research team in EDI who brought this innovation to the market. Corrosion of implants is one of the areas like water contamination that directly affects the public. They do not know how to select the proper materials suitable for the body conditions. The judgment is merely made on the cost basis provided by medical houses. When a compromise is made on cost, the users with corrosive implants are exposed to many after effect health impacts. Corrosivity of implants is influenced by the composition of body fluid and the practices the implant users follow for their routine activities. It is highly impractical to simulate the exact composition of body fluid in the laboratory to test various material choices for implants. Selection is made on trial and error basis. This leads to many uncertainties when the failures are reported by the end-users. Implant manufacturers and medical houses have to closely interact with the users to create awareness for corrosion of implants and execute evidence based research to enhance the quality of materials. When maintenance of any material after corrosion is impossible like the one for implants, it should be a lifetime corrosion resistant material selected for the intended purpose. Manufacturers should provide corrosion control warranty for these products. Our government system has to encourage the implementation of corrosion control for such critical areas through providing incentives for research, encouraging indigenous efforts or minimizing duty on imported technologies and components. Present research status on this public issue in India is not showing an encouraging sign to the end-users. We need to bridge the experience of overseas Indians in this domain with the talent and research system in India. We CAN Control Corrosion in India

India - Metal implants set to get rust-resistant - Corrosion control technology for implants developed by Entrepreneurship Development Institute (EDI), Gujarat

AHMEDABAD: Metal plates and rods for internal fixation of fractures are being used for more than a century now, but corrosion remains a persistent challenge in orthopedics. From cancer to immune dysfunction, rusting of metal implants pose risk of life-threatening health conditions.

In such a scenario, Entrepreneurship Development Institute (EDI) has developed a mechanism to render orthopedic implants rust-resistant. EDI has secured patent for the invention that promises to be a revolution in the healthcare sector.

Implant plates are made rustproof by chemicals, fixtures, electric current and voltage. The process has been invented by technocrats and scientists led by senior faculty K K Shaw of EDI's International Centre for Cluster Competitiveness, Growth and Technology. Senior orthopedic surgeon and joint replacement specialist Dr H P Bhalodiya says, "In India, we generally don't use pure titanium or stainless steel implants as they are overpriced. Since Indian doctors use half-price plates that are a mixture of various metals they corrode after coming in contact with internal environment. In most cases, rusting starts in less than one year."

"Rusting roughens metal surfaces and releases ions from the metal or alloy. This leads to toxic reactions and serious allergies. Studies show metal can cause the entire immune system to be suppressed. At times, small flakes of metals enter the bloodstream and soft tissues causing damage to DNA and increasing the risk of cancer," Dr Bhalodiya added.

Shaw says corrosion transmits contamination like iron particles, aluminum oxide, silicon carbide and various wax compositions on the surface generated by machining which is harmful to orthopedic implants.

"This invention eliminates the contamination of implants. The process is basically an electrolytic dissolution of metal chips and fine particles by applying direct current," he adds.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 28 August 2014

Wednesday, August 27, 2014

India - Corrosion Awareness Awards instituted by NACE International Gateway India Section (NIGIS), CORCON 2014, 12-14 November 2014

Dear Sir / Madam,

To commemorate Corrosion Awareness Day, NACE International Gateway India Section (NIGIS) will be presenting Corrosion Awareness Awards to honour and respect individuals / institutions for their contribution to corrosion awareness and development in the field of corrosion science and technology in India during CORCON 2014: 12 – 14 November 2014 at Mumbai.

We solicit your participation in any of the eleven categories in which applications are adjudged for bestowing the awards. Details of all awards and guidelines / procedure for the submission of applications for various types of awards are given in the enclosed brochure - NIGIS Award and application form.

We request you to participate in this prestigious program of NIGIS and contribute for its success by:
Submitting your application for an award
Informing all concerned persons of your / other organizations regarding NIGIS Awards and inspiring them to submit their application for the award.

The last date of submitting the application is 15 September 2014. We are looking forward for your NIGIS Award application and continuous support for the NIGIS activities.

If you need any assistance, please do not hesitate contact us.

Thanking you. With regards
Rishikesh Mishra
Manager, Technical Services
NACE International Gateway India Section
305-A, Galleria, Hiranandani Gardens,
Powai, Mumbai - 400076
Tel: +91-22-25797354 Fax: +91-22-66921572
Email: /

Friday, August 22, 2014

US and Canada - Renewable Energy - 1.5 Million Solar-Panel Systems recalled over Corrosion Problem

SolarWorld is recalling approximately 1.3 million solar panel systems in the U.S. and 210,000 in Canada because of a possible electric shock, electrocution or fire hazard. The company said Thursday that panels installed with bare-copper grounding lugs can corrode, possibly resulting in a faulty ground circuit. The lugs are brown in color. SolarWorld said it has received one report of corrosion related to the bare copper lugs. No injuries have been reported.

The systems were sold from June 2011 to June 2014 and priced between about $1,000 and $10,000. The installation instructions for SolarWorld systems sold after June 1, 2010 called for GBL-4DB lugs for grounding. The instructions have been revised to require tin-coated lugs, Ilsco part number GBL-4DBT. "T" is for tin-coated and indicated by the lug’s silver color. Consumers who can identify the improper lugs should contact SolarWorld for replacement. Those who can't identify them should contact SolarWorld to have an authorized agent inspect them and replace the lugs. Consumers can call SolarWorld toll-free at (877) 360-1787, 9 a.m.-6 p.m. PT Monday through Friday, or click on the “Product Safety” at

Article Source:
Publication Date: 22 August 2014 

Thursday, August 21, 2014

India - Oil and Gas Infrastructure - It should not be the blaming culture when integrity of assets is dealt by multi-owners who are involved in the entire value chain

It should not be the blaming culture when integrity of assets is dealt by multi-owners who are involved in the entire value chain. Before process fluid gets transported through any asset, corrosion risk assessment has to be compulsorily carried out to determine the adequacy of transmission system to handle the fluids of varied composition and operating conditions. It is very difficult to ascertain the time of whole upsets in any process system. Not all parameters can be analysed in real time to trigger the range of actions needed to bring it to normal state. Our oil and gas companies have to improve the present status of their corrosion management and assure the integrity of assets. Replacement of pipeline after defined period is not the only solution for this type of failure. There is no point in identifying quick fix for corrosion issues. We need to learn from the failures as well as successful operation regime to bring the design values for new systems.

India - Shipping - Our government has to formulate a suitable policy for safeguarding the integrity of present fleet of ships through proper corrosion control programs

We have a celebrated maritime history. Our government has to formulate a suitable policy for safeguarding the integrity of present fleet of ships. Shipping act should include more stringent integrity assurance processes and encourage the owners to preserve it in a proper way and extend the life through employing appropriate corrosion control programs. Corrosion of many components in the shipping industry is greatly neglected by the owners.

India should take big strides in shipbuilding, says our Prime Minister Narendra Modi

India should take a lead in shipbuilding given the increase in the global trade via sea-route, said Prime Minister Narendra Modi during the foundation stones laying function of Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT) Special Economic Zone (SEZ) and Port Connectivity Road at Sheva, in Navi Mumbai on August 16, 2014.

Stating that shipbuilding is now a big opportunity, the Prime Minister said his government will encourage foreign investment in shipbuilding. Noting the strides that South Korea has taken in shipbuilding, Modi said India should also try to do so.

Addressing a large public gathering at the function site, the Prime Minister said his Government had conceived Sagarmala, an ambitious project for maritime states. This would envisage not merely port development, but port-led development which would include ports, SEZs; and rail, road, air and waterway connectivity with the hinterland, including linkages of cold storage and warehousing facilities. Noting that two-third of all global trade, and 50 percent of container trade happens through the Indian Ocean, Modi highlighted the importance of the ports sector. Ports can become gateways to India’s prosperity, he added.

The Prime Minister said the government is concerned at the large number of stalled SEZ projects across the country, and a high-level team has been constituted to review the problems and resolve them at the earliest.

Emphasising on the need to focus on export promotion, he said, “Until we join manufacturers in export promotion, and unless states and centre work together, we cannot achieve new heights in exports.” Modi added that the Union Government had recently convened a meeting with states to understand bottlenecks in exports, and states would soon be given the right to form their own Export Promotion Councils.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 18 August 2014

India - Oil and Gas - Petroleum Ministry says negligence caused fire at GAIL pipeline (June 2014 incident) in Andhra Pradesh

NEW DELHI: The Petroleum Ministry has blamed negligence for causing the devastating fire at state-owned gas transporter GAILBSE -1.59 % India Ltd's gas pipeline in Andhra Pradesh that killed 22 people.

An inquiry committee, headed by Joint Secretary (Refineries) Rajesh Kumar Singh, in a report submitted last week concluded that negligence caused the fire at the Tatipaka-Kondapalli pipeline on June 27.

Sources said the committee found that the pipeline had corroded due to condensate and water that came along with the natural gas from an Oil and Natural Gas Corp (ONGC) field.

Water corroded bottom of the pipeline, causing pores in the underground pipeline. Gas was being transported at high pressure and it leaked along with flammable condensate leaked out to the surface on the night of June 26/27. Overcast weather lead to a cloud of gas being formed even as condensate sprayed on the ground.

A spark, possibly from a cigarette or bidi lit by a local, at 0545 hours on June 27 led to condensate and cloud of gas catching fire with a loud explosion.

The other source of the massive fire is being mentioned as a tea vendor lighting up a stove in the vicinity of the leak, scorching everything in a radius of about half a km, including houses and vehicles, in Nagaram village of East Godavari district.

The exact source may not known as everything including the persons were charred, sources said.

Sources said gas should have been stripped of waste and condensate at GAIL's Nagaram facility before being pumped into the pipeline for transportation to a power plant.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 17 August 2014

Saturday, August 9, 2014

India - Science and Technology - Collaboration is very much needed in areas like Corrosion Management that call for interdisciplinary approach of conserving the present material resources through innovative practices

The present status of collaboration between various scientific and industrial resources in our country is not showing an encouraging sign for the innovators with big ideas. Collaboration is very much needed in areas like Corrosion Management that call for interdisciplinary approach of conserving the present energy and material resources through innovative practices and developing entirely brand new indigenous technologies. There are many challenges associated with establishing science and technology based entrepreneurial life in India. Our research and development institutions should open their doors for collaboration with the talent pool to give them the energy for tackling the entrepreneurial risks and gaining the essence of technology and business advancements.

Friday, August 8, 2014

India - When steel is preferred by the industries as an economical material choice, they need to focus on improving the life of steel structures through corrosion control activities.

Steel is one of foremost structural materials used by industries in India. Industrial expansion, especially infrastructure development, allows higher consumption of steel because of its economical value. When the economical choice is preferred by the industries in India, they need to focus on improving the life of steel structures through corrosion control activities. The present status of corrosion awareness among these end-users for steel is not showing an encouraging sign to conserve this material. Worldwide surveys show nearly 3.5 to 4% of GDP is lost through corrosion losses. Our country is no exception to this corrosion, often termed as metallic cancer and number one life limiting phenomena for poor performance of assets made out of steel.  We see numerous incidents of steel pipe failures in various sectors. There are deadly damages reported in  gas transportation and chemical industries because of negligence on corrosion. Design houses should run the Life Cycle Analysis to select the suitable materials of construction and determine the needs for corrosion control and monitoring. The present status of corrosion awareness among Indian industries is very limited. Our government has to introduce corrosion prevention act for encouraging corrosion control efforts and conserving the precious material resources we have at the present time. There is a huge gap between the research establishments who focus on analysing corrosion as a scientific problem and the industries who expect economical value for the assets they establish, operate and maintain. 

India - Steel Industry - India set to become 2nd largest steel producer: ArcelorMittal

NEW DELHI: India's economic prospects have improved and is likely to see major reforms as the coalition era has ended with the new government's majority in the Lok Sabha, steel giant ArcelorMittal has said.

It further said India is poised to become the second largest global steel producer, and mergers and acquisitions in in country's steel sector are likely to "remain active".

The company had recently said that it continued to pursue greenfield projects in Jharkhand and Karnataka.

"Economic prospects have improved in India as the incoming government has won a Parliamentary majority in the Lower House, which breaks the long run of coalition governments, and is expected to allow for significant economic reforms," ArcelorMittal said in a report. The growth prospects in the country are bright, it added.

"The country has become the world's third largest steel consumer after China and the United States and is expected to become soon the world's second largest steel producer worldwide," it said.

The merger and acquisition activities are expected to "remain active in the Indian steel and mining industry though at a lower pace considering the current economic slowdown".

Article Source:
Publication Date: 06 August 2014

India - Negligence of corrosion by the Industries is the foremost reason for huge economic losses and deadly property damages

Corrosion is completely ignored by the Industries in India. They have misconception on finding the right technology solution. Corrosion is an environment specific issue. The damage rate will vary from place to place depending on many factors, most importantly corrosion management attitude of end-users. We do not find our industries employ corrosion management professionals to look after the various processes right from the design through to operation and maintenance of plant assets. Running an intelligent pigging or simply injecting a corrosion inhibitor alone will not find technical answers for the challenging issues. Integrated corrosion management using appropriate resources is very much essential to avoid costly failures. Industries and government agencies should open their doors for collaboration with the related resources to find cost effective corrosion control answers. Life cycle analysis has to be executed to choose the right material of construction and identify corrosion and safety vigilance required for industrial assets. We need to follow stringent norms for assets passing through public locations. Our government has to introduce corrosion prevention act and safeguard the public from these deadly damages

India - Oil and Gas - GAIL pipeline accident in Andhra Pradesh - High-level probe ordered by the ministry of petroleum and natural gas states that GAIL did not make any efforts to replace an "already corroded" pipeline, which exploded on June 27, killing 19 people

Nagaram blast: Probe nails GAIL, says it ignored disaster warnings

HYDERABAD: Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL), the country's largest state-owned natural gas processing and distribution company, did not make any efforts to replace an "already corroded" pipeline, which exploded on June 27, killing 19 people and wounding scores in Nagaram village in East Godavari district of Andhra Pradesh, concluded a high-level probe ordered by the ministry of petroleum and natural gas.

The pipeline was 'prone to leakages' and warnings of an impending disaster went unheeded for a long time, the probe added.

"Around 7-8 leakage incidents have taken place in the natural gas pipeline (5.8 km from GAIL, Tatipaka) including a few in March this year," the probe report prepared by the committee, headed by RK Singh, joint secretary (refineries) in the ministry of petroleum and natural gas, states.

To make it worse, earlier repairs to the "leaking lines" were done either by "clamping" or by "sleeves" ( a corrosion protective wrap), which the report available with TOI says "cannot be considered a permanent repair methodology".

The probe team comprising Oil Industry Safety Directorate, National Disaster Management Authority among other agencies, did not find any evidence of any fool-proof repairs to the pipeline that runs through Nagaram village.

ONGC supplies the gas to GAIL, which in turn supplies it to Lanco Infratech Ltd, besides some thermal plants and fertilizer units locally.

Such was the intensity of the June 27 blast that flames rose to as high as 250 metres killing scores of birds and animals, burning hundreds of coconut trees and reducing about a dozen houses and many vehicles to ashes.

While, the Union government ordered an immediate probe, GAIL suspended a few officials and announced compensation, which the AP government sources described as "too little, too late."

Following an on-site investigation last month, the probe team said there was no evidence of any "integrity check-up" of the pipeline, and "no plan drawn up to replace the leaky portion of the line with a new pipeline."

While locals could not detect the odourless gas, the deafening blast occurred between 5.30am and 5.45 am after a tea stall owner lit a stove to prepare tea for a family, about 200 metres from the place where the gas leaked.

The leak probably occurred overnight and was undetected and due to cloudy conditions, the gas settled at a lower height, the report says.

What left the probe team stumped, sources said, was how during the course of maintenance work way back in 2010, experts found corrosion (damage) in the same lines and three years later recommended infusion of a 'corrosion inhibitor', a chemical compound which decreases the corrosion rate of the metal.

Investigators also said the high-intensity explosion could have also been aided by the presence of condensate, a low-density mixture of hydrocarbon liquids, present as gaseous component in the raw natural gas, which GAIL received from ONGC.

The region is prone to such blasts, mostly due to human negligence, and about a dozen such incidents have taken place since 1990 when oil and natural gas exploration picked up in the Krishna-Godavari basin.

While the probe team will soon submit a final report to the petroleum ministry, the Andhra Pradesh government is also conducting a full-fledged inquiry into the disaster and has already said it will recommend strong action and overhaul of the damaged pipelines.

The 200 km gas pipeline, 18 inches in diameter, stretches from Thatipaka refinery that produces seven lakh cubic metres of natural gas per day.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 07 August 2014

Thursday, August 7, 2014

Corrosion of Electronic Gadgets due to human sweat - An OTA update to fix corrosion on the LG G Watch - Users have been complaining about a skin irritation while wearing Watch, especially during an exercise

An OTA update to fix corrosion on the LG G Watch?

Seems strange, but it is pretty much possible. LG’s G Watch users have complained of irritation on the skin where the watch touches the body.

Android police reported that LG G Watch users have been complaining about a skin irritation while wearing the LG G Watch, especially during an exercise.

The reason — while exercising, the body sweat, which contains salt, reacts with the charging pins on the rear panel of the watch. This creates corrosion and irritation to the user’s skin.

The main reason behind the corrosive issues is that the LG G Watch has a small amount of current passing through it even when it is not being charged on the charging dock. This small current reacts with the salt in the sweat to cause a chemical reaction between the charging terminals.

In order to overcome the problem, LG has rolled out an OTA update which can prevent the corrosive reaction and stop the skin irritation.

You may be wondering how a software update can prevent corrosion. Yes, anyone would too.

Well, LG’s G Watch OTA update will cut off the power output to the pins when it is not on the dock. This will have no reaction with the salt in the sweat and prevent the corrosion. However, those who already have a corroded pin issue would have to get the watch serviced from an LG service center.

LG should have taken care of the problem at the design stage itself. A watch will definitely be in contact with the skin and the sweat can corrode the pins (usually made from copper) within a few days. Now that the issue has been made public, it is likely of LG to call back all units to have the pins replaced with a durable metal that would not corrode. Hopefully, those who are not using their LG G Watch smartwatch could benefit from the new OTA.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 06 August 2014

Tuesday, August 5, 2014

India - Non-Ferrous Metal Market - Nickel price falls due to subdued demand from alloy-makers

India - Non-Ferrous Metal Market - Nickel price falls due to subdued demand from alloy-makers

Nickel futures traded a shade lower at Rs 1,131.40 per kg today as participants kept their positions restricted amidst sluggish demand from alloy-makers in the domestic spot market.

At the Multi Commodity Exchange, nickel for delivery in September fell by 70 paise, or 0.06%, to Rs 1,131.40 per kg in a business turnover of 18 lots.

The metal for delivery in August also shed 50 paise, or 0.04%, to Rs 1,126.20 per kg in a turnover of 858 lots.

Market analysts said the fall in nickel prices at futures trade was mostly in tandem with a weakening trend at domestic market due to subdued demand from alloy-makers.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 04 August 2014

India - Non-Ferrous Metal Market - Select copper, nickel, brass and zinc prices declined as stockists sell amidst subdued demand from industrial users

Mumbai, Jul 30 (PTI) Select copper, nickel, brass and zinc prices declined at the non-ferrous metal market here today on stockists selling amidst subdued demand from industrial users.

Meanwhile, tin and copper sheet cutting prices rose on stockists buying amidst firm demand from industrial users.

Globally, lead fell on early trade at the LME, after a weaker technical close pushed investors to take profits and after the metal rose more than five percent this month as it slipstreamed zinc.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 30 July 2014

Zinc sheds 0.28% on global cues, sluggish demand

Zinc prices eased 0.28 per cent to Rs 143.55 per kg in futures trade today as speculators trimmed positions amid a weak trend overseas.

Besides, low demand in domestic spot markets fuelled the downtrend. Market analysts attributed the fall in zinc futures to a weak global trend and subdued demand from consuming industries at domestic spot markets.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 

India - Science and Technology - Scientist calls for collaboration in energy: fault in the extent of collaboration between individuals and organisations.

Scientist calls for collaboration in energy

A country which was able to create its own fast breeder nuclear reactor does not have engineers to design windmills, said scientist Baldev Raj, while delivering the Brahm Prakash Memorial medal lecture at IIT-Madras, on Monday.

Bhaskar Ramamurthi, director, IIT-M, presented the medal, instituted by the Indian National Science Academy, to Mr. Raj who delivered a lecture titled ‘A Perspective on Technology Challenges with Emphasis on Energy Security and Sustainability’.

Touching on various subjects regarding production of electricity from various sources and its transmission, Mr. Raj found fault in the extent of collaboration between individuals and organisations, and the inability to create breakthrough technologies in the power sector.

He cited the background for creating indigenous fast breeder reactor technology by involving 250 organisations. He also pointed out that energy conservation required a community effort and the government alone could not make a big impact in energy efficiency.

Monday, August 4, 2014

India - Water Distribution – Concern over technical ambiguities of Kolhapur Municipal Corporation's (KMC) Rs 485-crore Kalammawadi pipeline project - Spiral Vs longitudinal welding.

Padma awardee raises concern over direct pipeline water supply project

KOLHAPUR: Padma awardee and former director of Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research (IGCAR), Shivram Bhoje, has raised serious concerns over the "technical ambiguities" of the Kolhapur Municipal Corporation's (KMC) ambitious Kalammawadi direct pipeline project. The civic activists and corporators too had criticized the civic body over the project.

The civic administration has made provision to use 'longitudinally welded' pipes instead of 'spirally welded' ones for the Rs 485-crore project, which aims to supply regular and clean water to the city for the next 30 years. Bhoje, a veteran scientist, on Saturday claimed that the spirally welded pipes are more robust.

While addressing a meeting of civic activists, Bhoje said, "After conducting a study, I came to a conclusion that the longitudinally welded pipes are not susceptible for the stretch of 52 km of the project. Besides, the project can be completed speedily if spirally welded pipes are manufactured on the site. It can help reduce cost of the project."

The veteran scientist said the quality of the project is likely to deteriorate if the longitudinally welded pipes are used. Bhoje has written to municipal commissioner Vijayalakshmi Bidari for changes in the clause for the use of pipes and is awaiting an answer.

Meanwhile, the civic activists alleged that huge corruption is likely while executing the project, as around 80% of funds will be spent on the pipes.

Baba Indulkar of city-based civic forum Common Man said, "The changes in the clause have increased the scope for corruption. The civic administration is yet to issue work order to the contractor. Before doing so, the civic officials should make necessary changes in the technical details of the project or ensure that despite using longitudinally welded pipes, no leakages will take place."

Article Source:
Publication Date: 03 August 2014

Sunday, August 3, 2014

Oman- Industry-Academia Collaboration - Corrosion Control - Nano technology based Corrosion Research program (electroless Nickel-Phosphorous coating with nano additives) of Caledonian College of Engineering (CCE) to fight corrosion of oil pipelines

Muscat: Researchers at the Caledonian College of Engineering (CCE) are studying the possibility of using nanotechnology to fight corrosion of oil pipelines, which costs millions of dollars to the industry.

According to a statement issue by the college, a research team led by Elansezhian, R. V. Murali and Muhammad Mumtaz Mirza will develop new coating patterns based on nanotechnology that can be applied on the oil pipelines to combat corrosion. "The researchers are developing an electroless Nickel-Phosphorous coating with nano additives. The new coating will make an amorphous layer and it can prevent corrosion," the statement added.

Corrosion problem
Corrosion of pipelines is one of the major problems faced by engineers and technicians in the oil field. The annual cost of corrosion worldwide is over three per cent of the world's GDP and is around $2.2 trillion as per the National Association of Corrosion Engineers.

Moreover, accidents caused by corroded structures can lead to huge safety concerns, loss of life, and resources. "The research outcome will be included into the CCE curriculum and it will also help in developing technical expertise in combating corrosion of pipelines in Oman," the statement adds.

Article Source:
Publication Date: 13 July 2014

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