Wednesday, February 27, 2013

US - CSB Releases Technical Report on Chevron 2012 Pipe Rupture and Fire. Extensive Sulfidation Corrosion Noted

CSB Releases Technical Report on Chevron 2012 Pipe Rupture and Fire; Extensive Sulfidation Corrosion Noted

Washington, DC, February 13, 2013 - The U.S. Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board (CSB) and the California Division of Occupational Safety and Health (Cal/OSHA) today released a technical evaluation report on piping samples taken from the Chevron Refinery in Richmond, California, where a hydrocarbon release and massive fire occurred on August 6, 2012. Cal/OSHA participated in this technical evaluation as part of its enforcement investigation.

The report, prepared by Anamet, Inc., a metallurgical laboratory in Hayward, California, concludes that the 8-inch steel pipe, from a section designated as 4-sidecut which was installed in 1976, ruptured due to severe sulfidation corrosion, and that tested pipe samples showed a very low concentration of corrosion-inhibiting silicon.

CSB Chairperson Rafael Moure-Eraso said, “The report, resulting from a cooperative effort between the CSB, Cal/OSHA, the United Steelworkers (USW), and Chevron provides a solid, technical basis for the firm conclusion that the pipe corroded over time from sulfidation corrosion. We hope this report receives widespread attention throughout the petrochemical industry as a precaution to all refiners to carefully examine potential corrosion mechanisms and use the safest possible materials of construction to avoid failures. Refineries and other plants must incorporate strong mechanical integrity and inherently safer strategies in their process safety management programs.”
The Anamet report provides the following conclusions:


1. Rupture of the 8-inch 4-sidecut resulted from wall thinning caused by sulfidation corrosion.

2. Post rupture corrosion destroyed fracture morphology that could have indicated the rupture initiation site. However, rupture likely originated in the thinnest region and initially followed a longitudinal path driven by the hoop stress. Consequently, an area of likely rupture initiation was identified.

3. The wall thickness of the ruptured section was less than all the other sections of the 8-inch 4-sidecut that were evaluated.

4. Chemical analysis showed the silicon concentration of the ruptured section was 0.01-wt%.

5. Six of twelve specimens (50%) from unique sections of the 8-inch 4-sidecut, 12-inch 4-sidecut, and 2011 12-inch samples were found by chemical analysis to have a silicon concentration of less than 0.1-wt%.

6. Deformation of a small region of the 8-inch 4-sidecut rupture edge was consistent with mechanical force applied from the outside surface of the pipe, possibly from a fire pike, such as samples E-099 and E-082-2, or other pointed object. This deformed region was located within the area of likely rupture initiation.

Cal/OSHA has already issued 25 citations and civil penalties of $963,000. Chevron has announced it will appeal these citations.

Article Source: http://www.csb.gov/newsroom/detail.aspx?nid=457


Publication Date: 13 Feb 2013




India - Pre Budget Memorandum 2013-2014 - How do you view increase in depreciation rate called by Engineering associations?


CII for higher depreciation rate, lower CST


New Delhi, Jan 14, 2013 (IANS)

Calling for some tax reforms to revive growth, the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) Monday asked the government to allow higher depreciation rate on plant and machinery from the current 15 percent to 25 percent for the next three to five years.   Article Source: http://www.deccanherald.com/content/305177/cii-higher-depreciation-rate-lower.html Publication Date: 14 Jan 2013   Discussion Link: http://lnkd.in/xw8iES



Sunday, February 10, 2013

India - Corrosion induced Oil Pipeline Leak worries residents in Tiruvottiyur, Chennai. CPCL asserts facility health through external protection by CP. Is internal corrosion overlooked?

Residents have been complaining of seepages from the CPCL pipeline; oil company asserts facility is in good health


A leak in an underground oil pipeline in Tiruvottiyur on Friday set off panic among residents even as oil company officials initiated immediate action to plug the hole and clear the contaminated soil on Ottravadai Street. While CPCL officials said that the pipeline was being monitored regularly and no abnormality had been detected, TNPCB officials, who inspected the spot, said the leak was due to corrosion.

Residents said the leak was first been noticed at 6.30 a.m. By 8 a.m., the area was cordoned off by Chennai Petroleum Corporation Limited (CPCL) with the assistance of the fire service personnel and Central Industrial Security Force. Soon, the excavation of the area began and the workers kept throwing mud on the oil collected in the pit dug up to plug the leak on Ottravadai Street. Chennai Corporation Councillor Prabhakaran said the residents have been complaining about the oil leak for the past few months. Many wells and bore wells in the residential locality have been closed because of oil contamination. CPCL officials said the leak had been plugged by evening.

As a school was located on the same street where the leak occurred, officials asked residents to avoid cooking or using LPG stove for any other purpose till the hole was plugged. “The discharge of oil has intensified over the past two years. Luckily today, no vehicles skidded on the oil patch,” said S.Damodaran, a resident.

The 30-inch oil pipeline runs for a distance of 6.9 km underground and 300 metre above ground level. “The pipeline has been properly assessed for its health periodically. CPCL has been taking extraordinary precautions to periodically inspect the health of the pipeline. The pipeline is protected by impressed current cathodic protection system and monitored every week. Walk-through inspections of the pipeline are done every fortnight. Extensive condition assessment studies of the pipeline are done once in four years and the last exercise was done by Engineers India Limited (EIL) in December in 2012,” a CPCL release said.

Article Source: http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/chennai/oil-leak-in-tiruvottiyur-blows-lid-off-twoyearold-problem/article4394389.ece

Publication Date: 09 Feb 2013

Monday, February 4, 2013

India - Chemical and Electrochemical Engineering- BTech Course - Invitation from Centre for Education, CECRI for Campus Recruitment


Dear Sir

CECRI (Central Electro Chemical Research Institute), Karaikudi, established in 1953, is one of the pioneering research institutions in the field of electrochemical science and technology. Governed by CSIR (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), and guided by a team of highly qualified and internationally acclaimed scientists, it has evolved as the largest institute in Asia focusing on the electrochemical sciences.

The present R&D thrust is on Fuel cells, Batteries, Corrosion science and engineering, Electrochemical instrumentation, Electrochemical materials science, Electrochemical pollution control, Electrodics and Electrocatalysis, Electro metallurgy, Functional materials, Industrial metal finishing, Electroplating and Nanoscale electrochemistry, to quote a very few from a large spectrum of ongoing activities.

CECRI has been hosting a prestigious four year, eight semester B.Tech program in Chemical and Electrochemical Engineering since 1988, with the goal of initiating scientific temper in the bright, evolving generation of India. The admission for this course is through the unified single window admission system of Anna University.

The course is a unique and a judicious blend of Chemical and Electrochemical Engineering. The curriculum includes chemical engineering subjects like Process calculations, Chemical engineering thermodynamics, Fluid mechanics, Equipment design, Heat and Mass transfer and Electrochemical engineering subjects like Electrodics & Electro catalysis, Electrochemical reaction engineering, Corrosion science & engineering, Electrochemical energy storage systems, Electroplating etc. The students also get an opportunity to work hands-on during the practicals. Kindly refer the following link to know more about the syllabus.

http://www.cecri.res.in/CFE/New%20folder%20(2)/syllabus.html

An aspect of its singularity is that the course is conducted by eminent scientists and engineers, who are personally involved in various research and developmental activities of Electrochemical Science and Technology. With a highly-focussed objective of moulding the aspiring and intelligent young minds into great technologists, CECRI provides them with real time exposure on flag-ship research projects that focus on finding solutions to the significant problems faced by the industry.

The intensive industrial internships and the students involvement in various activities such as event management, participating in national and international seminars make them job-ready-professionals when they enter their fourth year. The constant guidance by the eminent alumni of CECRI in the form of seminars, interactions and sharing of experiences enable our students in touch with the dynamics of the industry.

We welcome you for an exclusive visit to our campus where you can find an enabling atmosphere. We will be too pleased to extend our assistance such as guest house accommodation, transport etc. to make the recruitment process, a truly remarkable experience.

We earnestly look forward to your esteemed visit to our campus. We can also arrange an online interview through video conferencing.

Best Regards


Mr. R V Alagesan
Scientist&Head, TTBD
IP Coordinator
Placement officer, CFE
Central Electrochemical Research Institute(CECRI)
Karaikudi-630 006,Tamil Nadu, India

Phone :91-4565-227713(O)/229350(O)
Fax :91-4565-227713.
Mobile : 09443005416

Canada - Corrosion Education - iPhone App on Corrosion developed by University of Toronto Engineering Student


Corrosive behavior? There's an app for that on iphone

Corrosion iPhone app developed by University of Toronto engineering student Jason Tam is finding a grateful audience among professional engineers and engineering students.

Tam created the app last year when Professor Steven Thorpe asked his MSE 315 Environmental Degradation of Materials students whether anyone would be interested in developing an app that provided corrosion terminologies, formulae, and benchmarking data.

Thorpe had originally hoped to find an existing app that students could use in the course, which primarily deals with electrochemical and corrosion behavior of engineering materials in various applications. He could only find one less-than-ideal app in the iTunes store that didn’t even spell 'corrosion' correctly.

The app now sells for 99 cents on the iTunes app store and all proceeds go to the George B. Craig Scholarship, an in-course award designated for an academically high-performing upper-year Materials Engineering student with demonstrated financial need.

The app includes a glossary of more than 300 technical corrosion engineering terms, a list of constants, such as the Boltzmann constant, reference electrodes and schematics, and even virtual corrosion experiments. For example, you can explore crevice corrosion on the Titanic.

Article Source: http://www.news.utoronto.ca/corrosive-behavior-theres-app
Publication Date: 01 Feb 2013

India - Corrosion Conference - Bring on the HEAT (BOTH), 18-19 April 2013, organised by NACE India Section


Dear Sir / Madam,

We are pleased to inform that NACE International Gateway India Section in association of NACE International is organizing a conference “Bring on the HEAT” (BOTH)  from 18 - 19 April 2013 at Hotel Mirage, Mumbai.

The objective of this conference is to provide you with an ideal opportunity to discuss on the hottest coatings, fire proofing solutions, high-temperature and other protective coatings in the industry. BOTH would cover :-
·         Passive Fire Protection

·         Corrosion Under Insulation

·         Corrosion Under Passive Fire Protection

·         High-Temperature Coatings

·         Thermal Spray Aluminium (TSA)

·         Epoxy Intumescent Fireproofing

·         Cementitous Fireproofing

The last date of abstract submission is 23 February 2013.

Attached please find the BOTH conference brochure with a request to sponsor and participate the event which is addressing the Industry’s Hottest Coatings around the World. For more information please visit www.nace.org/bothindia

We request you to confirm the receipt of this letter and your intent for the participation in this conference as early as possible. This will enable us to keep you informed / updated with regard to  other activities of the conference.

Look forward to your active participation at BOTH. If you need any assistance, please do not hesitate to contact us.


With Regards
Rishikesh Mishra

Rishikesh Mishra, Manager, Technical Services
NACE International Gateway India Section
305-A, Galleria, Hiranandani Gardens, Powai, Mumbai - 400076
Tel: +91-22-25797354 Email: technical@corcon.org
Web: http://events.nace.org/conferences/BOTHIndia/index.asp
“Corrosion is a naturally occurring phenomenon commonly defined as the deterioration of a substance (usually a metal) or its properties because of a reaction with its environment”

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