Thursday, February 17, 2011

Corrosion Management Problems in India

Present Discussions from Our Network We CAN Control Corrosion in India on Linkedin:

I  request all members to assist our network to identify and document the corrosion management problems in India. These problems may come from your direct experience, research proceedings, industrial news and public news.

Our network has an immense potential to collaborate and contribute for resolving corrosion management challenges in India. These challenges in corrosion science and engineering will be linked to engineering applications in order to focus research and development efforts.

I would like to invite Prof TKG to moderate this discussion.  

I have provided a sample news: Public Water Distribution Systems in India - Where do we stand for identifying the causes for leakage?

Several efforts have been taken to arrest leaks, quantify leaks, replace valves and pipes, and restore water supply. But there is no effort taken to study the cause of leakage. Below clippings show the seriousness of such problems and alarm authorities to widen their focus on identifying the causes for failures and finding proper control measures.

Surat - Bharuch Nagarpalika stops water supply after pipeline leak
Nagpur - No water for two days in north-east-and-south.
Bangalore - Problem galore for Defence Colony residents - Water Contamination
Kolkata - Water-supply-hit-after-pipe-leak
Mumbai - BMC installs Rs 80 cr flow meters on city pipelines soon to tackle leaks and water wastage.
Chennai - Of the nearly 1,400-km-long pipeline network, a stretch of 466-km long pipeline detected with leaks was replaced.


  1. Manickam Valliappan • Huge funds are allocated to repair corroded structures/pipelines in a 25 year old asset: $141-million contract involves overhauling of Water Injection North (WIN) platform at ONGC-Mumbai High field, India.

    What is the status of corrosion control in India? Is replacing corroded structures only solution for assuring the integrity of assets?
    5 days ago

    Akshat Agrawal • This is an upgrade project which involves replacement with more modern systems for treatment of sea water. It is not implied in the article that corrosion is the main cause for replacement!!

    Even if it is the cause, the cost of extending the lifetime would be quite high as compared to upgrade of facility.

    You may like to share any case studies from other part of world for the life extension of offshore structures & platforms!
    5 days ago

  2. Manickam Valliappan • When you look at the assets you should have different views - Design, Construct, Operate, Maintain, Control, Improve in the entire lifecycle. These things should go hand in hand. You are envisioning from Design and Construction point of view.
    5 days ago

    Yogesh Pimpale • well i will agree it is not the only solution but as long as we are not aware of it... and the people take decisions understand that its better (Cheaper as well) to maintain then using all the resources to replace it/fix it...

    And as Akshat was saying we need a lot more awareness for the organisation/committee group are there in India or else we need push from the regulatory body's (i don't know if there any) to make sure all the operators are following or adhering to at least some type of standard..
    4 days ago

    Manickam Valliappan • Thanks for instigating Standards aspects. I would like to quote the following excerpts from my recent publication:

    In such a large country like India with its diverse spectrum of chemical manufacturing and consumption, laying of legislation is not an easy task but it has been accomplished to a great extent due to the country’s democratic and federal political structure. The most important aspect is that these wide spectrums of legislation are mutually exclusive and their overlapping is not significant. Approximately 15 Acts and 19 Rules have been laid down for chemical management. The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 serves as an umbrella Act and can link other Acts in one way or another, without interfering with the autonomy of any other Acts / Rules.

    The weakest factors identified with regard to implementing legislations are inspection, vigilance and public awareness. With respect to inspection and vigilance, the inherent limitation is lack of manpower and standardization of procedures for inspection and vigilance (Source:

    None of these acts address corrosion concerns. Considering the severity associated with corrosion problems and its influence on other management activities especially the environmental protection, our position is to identify the best possible way for structuring a base corrosion management act which shall be linked with other main acts.

    We have OISD (Oil Industries Safety Directorate) managed by Ministry of Petroleum. This constitutes mainly public and private sector companies in production and refining sectors.

    Our country is an Observing Member, not a Participating Member, of ISO-TC-156 - Corrosion of Metals and Alloys. I wrote to ISO Secretariat. In turn I approached BIS body in India. I am yet to receive a response from them.

    Dear Valliappan Manickam: Could you please contact the ISO Member Body in your country :

    Kind regards,

    I believe in taking our network to them and supporting the Standards development in India.
    4 days ago

    Akshat Agrawal • Thanks for sharing yoru thoughts on Regulatory Framework for Corrosion.
    However, we have long way to go before reaching to that stage. So long as
    Corrosion remains an Abstract subject, and we don't have testing
    laboratories for materials, corrosion inhibitors, paints, don't have
    empirical models for predicting corrosion of pipelines, nothing concrete
    will come out.

    As we know in NACE also has 'Recommended Practices' , 'Standard Practices'
    and 'Mandatory Requirements'. Similarly we ought to have our own RP, SP and
    MR, but this is only possible through close coordination between
    Industries, Laboratories, Suppliers and Consultants.

    Therefore, first step to proceed in Regulatory Framework direction is to
    create a National Level Body to ORGANIZE a MEGA ANNUAL EVENTS where
    everybody come on board to discuss/ identify corrosion related issues and
    share their ways of handling it.


    Akshat Agrawal
    4 days ago

  3. Manickam Valliappan • We have a lot of inland as well as collaborating overseas resources. We have world class research and testing laboratories. But the way in which these laboratories are used is really disturbing. Our research resources should have open mind for collaboration with various bodies.

    Our survey identifies the gaps and resources required to achieve our objectives.
    4 days ago

    Follow Frans
    Frans Vos (frans.vos(at) • Researchers develop a new alloy with improved corrosion resistance for Indian railway tracks.
    3 days ago

    Manickam Valliappan • Dr Frans: It's great to hear the development news in India from our collaborator in the overseas. After seeing your tweet I have shared the copy of research paper published in Current Science with our members.

    I would like to pay our tribute to Prof Balasubramanian of Indian Institute of Technology - Kanpur who has led the research group.
    3 days ago

    Ashwini K Sinha • I have just gone through the discussions on the subject. There are many corrosion related issues in the industries but in most of these cases these remain only as damage or leak. There is little effort in diagnosis of reason. Even in cases diagnosed there is reluctancy in going for more appropriate solution. These are mainly due to the fact that proper awareness about Corrosion analysis, monitoring & control. Most of the solutions are provided by some solution providers depending upon their knowledge and more importantly as per their business needs.

    For many problems solutions do exist but they have to be identified based on scientific studies/investigations.

    Idea of single body is good but it would be important to sell the idea to people who have to take decisions be it in specific industry or policy makers
    2 days ago


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